Early Days in Falmouth
In 1606, King James I of England granted a charter founding the Virginia Company. The charter was a legal document giving specified individuals exclusive rights to the development and exploitation of land taken in the name of the English crown. It had two parts. The Plymouth Company was to establish settlements from the Hudson River north, and the London Company was given land from the Hudson River south.
The Town of Falmouth
The name Falmouth was given to the town when it was established by the Massachusetts Bay Company in it's proclamation of 1658. Legend says it was named b y individuals from the town of Falmouth at the mouth of the River Fal in Cornwall, England. That town was established in 1613. It is unknown who those people were or whether they actually came as settlers to the area of what is now Falmouth, Maine.
Homes, Churches and Schools
The majority of older, larger houses in Falmouth are rectangular with a middle door and five to nine windows on the front. Most were farmhouses with attached outbuildings and barns. This style has continued in many of the new houses. There are many older, smaller homes of the cape style.